Prefers a deep, well-drained, loose soil, but also quite adaptable. Prefers to be in the sun, or partial shade (one of the few pine species that are tolerant of some shade. Easily transplanted.
Throughout their long history (see below) they have been widespread in cooler and higher areas of the Northern Hemisphere. Dwarf mountain-pine grows on exposed mountain slopes from the Pyrenees of Spain to the Carpathian Mountains of Eastern Europe.
Origin, history, and uses:
HISTORY Although pines date well back into the Early Cretaceous (130 million years ago), there are probably more species of pine alive today than at any time in history.
COOKING Recently, Mugo pine has been used to make pinecone syrup. Buds and young cones are harvested in the spring then left to dry. During this process, they gradually drip syrup, which boiled down before being combined with sugar to make pine syrup.
Rigid and slightly curved needles. Needles in fasicles of pairs. Margins serrate. Needles 1 to 2" long. Bright green color.
No fall color (remains green).